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Home Loan Eligibility Criteria in India

Owning your dream place in this modern era seems quite tough. The rapidly rising price of real estate has caused a lot of worry to all those people who were longing to buy their dream home. If high rates are bothering you, then you need not worry. You can always get a home loan to purchase your dream home. However, you need to be eligible for the home loan. Here we explain the home loan eligibility criteria in India, which is quite similar for all reputed Indian banks.

First and foremost, to be eligible for the home loan, you will have to be either of the following:

  • Salaried Individual
  • Professional
  • Self Employed

This clears one thing that you will have to have a regular income source in order to meet the eligibility criteria. This is important because the bank expects the loan to be repaid and if the borrower is an earning person, he or she will somehow manage to repay the loan. In other words, the risk involved in lending money to an earning person is less, and that is why most banks offer loans to people with a steady income.

Now let us discuss the above listed categories in detail.

1. Salaried Individual: Under this category, you should be a permanent employee of a private or government based company. If it is a private company, the company must be a reputed one. Bank account details and salary slips can be produced in the form of documents. If you fall under this category, you can apply for the home loan. If your spouse falls under this category, the loan can be applied in his/her name.

2. Professional: Professionals; that is, doctors, engineers, dentists, architects, charted accountants, management consultants, company secretary, cost accountants only are eligible to apply for a home loan.

3. Self Employed: If you are running a business or if you have a different source of income, and if you have been regular in filling your income tax, you can apply.

Now that you are aware of the qualifying categories, let us discuss some other factors that determine your home loan eligibility.

  1. Income – How much you rake in each month determines the amount of loan you are eligible for. Indian banks usually keep the EMI to income ratio between 50 and 60 percent.
  2. Age – The applicant should be at least 24 years of age at the time of loan commencement and up to the age of 60 years or superannuation (up to 65 years or less in case of professionals and self-employed individuals) at the time of loan maturity.
  3. Interest Rates – Loan eligibility is inversely proportional to the interest rate. If your applicable interest rate is low, your loan eligibility will be high and vice-versa.
  4. Loan Tenure – The longer your loan tenure, greater the loan amount you would be eligible for.
  5. Existing Loans - As a standard, Indian banks try to keep the EMI to income ratio between 50 and 60 percent. In case you have any existing loans, the eligibility amount for the new loan will be reduced to maintain that EMI to income ratio.
  6. Credit History - Banks also check your credit history from CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau India Ltd.), which is India’s first credit information bureau. They have a repository of information containing the credit history of consumer and commercial borrowers. This information is available in the form of credit information reports. To ensure that you meet the home loan eligibility criteria, you can access your own credit report by visiting the CIBIL website.

First Home Loan

First home buyers are inundated nowadays with a myriad of information about how to get their first home loan. It is obvious and simple what first home buyers want when looking for a loan. They want information that is clear, they want to be educated about the steps that are involved in getting a loan and, most importantly, they want someone they can trust to organise their finances. First home buyers are often seen as vulnerable because it is the first time they are buying a home so they are especially prone to being ripped off by bad finance sources who are just looking out for their best interests.

If at any stage you come across a housing or finance term that you are not familiar with in this article, please do a quick search on Google or yahoo to find out the meaning, it will help tremendously. Alternately go to the website at the bottom of this article and go to the glossary page.

A few areas that will be covered to help first home buyers with their first home loan will include; the type of borrower you are and the finance sources. There is also a buyer’s checklist able to be downloaded and a home loan calculator link. These topics merely scratch the surface of what is involved. It is recommended that you consult a mortgage broker or another finance source to fully inform you of what is involved when getting your first home loan.

Type of borrower

There are a few different types of home buyers which make up this category. The main three that will be accounted for in this article are; investment buyers, non-conforming buyers and first home buyers.

Investment home buyers

This particular group of buyers already own, or are paying off, some form of property already. They may have been handed down land or property by their parents or relatives or have purchased or used equity in previous properties or land to make further purchases.

Because they have existing property, banks and mortgage brokers are able to source finance a lot quicker and easier, because they have collateral behind them (which is like a security back up in case their finances go bad for the second or third property purchase).

Non conforming home buyers

Non conforming home loans are basically designed for finance for those people who may be in unusual situations with how their income is paid or how they wish to finance their home loan or mortgage. Non conforming borrowers are also people who may have been previously rejected for a home loan for a number of reasons such as bad credit history, bankruptcy or unusual incomes (more information on non conforming areas below).

Banks are normally quite reluctant to approve mortgages for those that fit into the non conforming loan borrower and people often find that their first ‘standard’ loan application is rejected by the banks.

First home buyers

Buying your first home is without doubt one of the biggest and most exciting purchases you will ever make.

What you ideally need is a mortgage broker or other finance source that will assist you in the process of weighing up your options so you have an objective assessment of what is the best loan for your situation. Mortgage brokers tend to be more objective than banks because mortgage brokers can have a look at a multitude of different finance options from different financial institutions to find the best loan for your situation. Even better, if you can find a mortgage broker than specialises in first home buyers then they will have even better information and help available because they help first home buyers all of the time.

Do you need help getting your first home loan or assistance with the First Home Buyers Grant? Don’t worry you’re not alone. It’s often hard to figure out where to start when looking for your home loan. There are so many options and so many mortgage providers to choose from. First West Home Loans specialise in helping first home buyers with the process of getting their first home. We guide you through the steps needed to successfully secure finance.

There are many incentives available to first home buyers in Australia, including the first home buyer’s grant, which is $7,000. In addition there is also the option of having no stamp duty on your purchase.

As with all things there are conditions attached.

How much can you borrow?

Using a home loan calculator can help give you a rough idea about how much you can borrow. Don’t be disheartened if it is not as much as you initially hoped for, it is a rough calculation. For an accurate assessment contact a mortgage broker or other financial source to get further information.

Pre-Approved Home Loans With Bad Credit: The Wiser Choice

One of the biggest challenges for home buyers is not in finding the home they want to buy, but in having the finance necessary to complete the purchase deal. Often, home hunters know what they want but with mortgage approval taking anything from 60 days to 90 days, the chance to get it is lost. The availability of pre-approved home loans, with bad credit even a factor, solves that problem.

Knowing what can be safely borrowed before beginning the negotiations to buy a property is a useful thing. So, securing pre-approved loans places the borrower in a stronger position. The effort is therefore well worth it.

But there is a process that has to be gone through, with credit information and copies of your credit report required before the mortgage lender can decide whether to grant the home loan or not.

Key Advantages of Pre-Approval

So, what are the advantages on offer to borrowers, and how difficult is it to get pre-approved home loans with bad credit? Well, the key advantage is that with pre-approval, a home hunter knows exactly how much they have to buy a home with.

This not only helps in the negotiation, but ensures that the home hunting process is shortened considerably. There is no need to waste time viewing homes that are already more than the pre-approved sum. What is more, by securing pre-approved loans it is easier to get an agreement with a real estate agency, since they are more likely to sell to someone assured of the asking price than someone who must wait to confirm they have the finances.

The process takes 60 days to 90 days, but with the confirmation letter provided before the search for a property begins, the early patience is worthwhile. The home loan is guaranteed, so the desired property can be purchased on the spot.

The Pre-Approval Process

Getting a pre-approved home loan with bad credit is no easier or harder than it would be to get a normal mortgage. It is simply a matter of acting earlier to secure the funds needed to buy the home that the borrower wants. But the process does require clear information, with personal and financial goals stated in a Letter of Intent.

Other information needed as part of the application is a Purchase Agreement (if your current home has been sold), confirmation of tax returns, and a breakdown of typical household expenses. But securing pre-approved loans also means providing a copy of your credit report. These can be sourced from one of the three rating agencies – TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian – and provides official confirmation of your credit status.

Also, bankruptcy papers are needed (if applicable), details on current debt and assets owned need to be verified. If successful, an applicant will receive written documents detailing the size of the home loan approved, the interest rate charged, the required down payment, and repayment terms.

Other Considerations

There are mortgage providers that specialize in pre-approved home loans with bad credit, but be aware that there are usually processing fees connected with them. They should cover administrative costs, closing costs, and appraisals, so there should be little or nothing extra to face once the deal is done. Basically, securing pre-approved loans makes sure everything is covered.

Closing costs are often an expensive aspect of buying a home, and include such things as title deeds, legal fees, and document processing – everything needed to ensure the home purchased with the home loan is legally owned by the purchaser.